Agriculture in India
Agriculture, especially in India, is one of the largest industries to help the country. India has been known as the Land Of The Fertile for its high yielding rates. It also helps 17% of India’s total GDP (Gross Domestic Product, the representation for the monetary value of a product in the country’s economy) and makes jobs for a staggering 60% of India’s population!
Issues faced by farmers
Overall, agriculture is one of the most important parts of Indian culture and farmers deserve to get the fruit of their labour as much as any other working person. Farmers work hard for their money and yet may not always receive what they deserve.
Even after over seven decades of planning since the independence, majority of the farmers are still facing problems of poor production and/or poor returns. All the constraints in agriculture make the productivity and returns complex but still a high untapped potential is there in India’s agriculture sector.
Increasing population, increasing average income and globalisation effects in India will increase demand for quantity, quality and nutritious food, and variety of food. Therefore, pressure on decreasing available cultivable land to produce more quantity, variety and quality of food will keep on increasing.
content by Ashwini and Indira Priya Darsini G
Farmer Empowerment Acts
FARMER’S PROMOTION AND FACILITATION ACT, 2020
This act seeks to barrier free trade for farmers both within the state and among the states. Promotes an online trading platform for farmers. Allows farmers to trade anywhere inside or outside the state markets. Also, they can use warehouses, cold storages and so on.
FARMERS (EMPOWERMENT AND PROTECTION) AGREEMENT ON PRICE ASSURANCE AND FARM SERVICES ACT, 2020.
This is an act that lets the farmers enter into an agreement with the buyer directly without a middle man.
MIDDLE MAN can be the sponsors, companies, partnerships and groups. Owing to this, farmers can sell their products at their determined prices. Yet, the minimum support price in which the buyers offer to demand is not mentioned in this act and this can be taken as a drawback.
ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2020
This act seeks to remove pulses, edible oils, onions and potatoes from the essential commodity list. Only if there is a double increase in horticultural produce and its retail price and a half increase in non-perishable agricultural products, the stock limits can get increased.