Agriculture

 Empower The Farmer’s Life

India is the world’s largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk, major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world’s major food staples.

Agriculture in India

Agriculture, especially in India, is one of the largest industries to help the country. India has been known as the Land Of The  Fertile for its high yielding rates. It also helps 17%  of  India’s  total  GDP (Gross  Domestic  Product,  the  representation  for  the  monetary  value  of  a  product  in  the  country’s  economy)  and  makes  jobs  for  a  staggering  60%  of  India’s  population!

Role of an Individual in Empowering Farmers

Our First Choice- Farmer

We should consume more from the farmers directly instead of retail shops and markets. Follow food menus in farm to table restaurants.

Encouraging Natural foods

Encouraging the selling of products from local farmers, as far as possible.

Supporting Farmers

Support farmers by buying products from them in trade fairs sold by themselves. Support them by raising funds or sending funds if possible.

Awareness

Spreading awareness about the merits of natural foods.

Farmers and their efforts

Agriculture has employed the Indian population for decades. Farmers are able to not only provide for their families, but also make a living planting and cultivating either on  their own land or on another company’s land.

It has been known to bring farmers together and villages closer together as they may all work on one singular plantation and sell outside and within the village.

 

Promote Agroforestry

Agroforestry methods have lots of benefits like — they can control runoff and soil erosion, thereby reducing losses of water, soil material, organic matter, and nutrients. Agroforestry also provides several environmental benefits.

Supporting Organic Food

This method works along with the natural biodiversity of each farmed area, encouraging the complexity of living organisms, both plants, and animals that shape each particular ecosystem to thrive along with food plants.

Mixed farming

The main characteristics of the mixed farming are that farms produce both crops and livestock and the two enterprises are interwoven and integrated. The grass is an important crop of mixed farming system, occupying at least 20 per cent of the cultivated land.

Issues faced by farmers

Overall, agriculture is one of the most important parts of Indian culture and farmers deserve to get the fruit of their labour as much as any other working person.  Farmers work hard for their money and yet may not always receive what they deserve.

Even after over seven decades of planning since the independence, majority of the farmers are still facing problems of poor production and/or poor returns. All the constraints in agriculture make the productivity and returns complex but still a high untapped potential is there in India’s agriculture sector.

Increasing population, increasing average income and globalisation effects in India will increase demand for quantity,  quality and nutritious food, and variety of food. Therefore, pressure on decreasing available cultivable land to produce more quantity, variety and quality of food will keep on increasing. 

content by Ashwini and Indira Priya Darsini G

Farmer Empowerment Acts

FARMER’S PROMOTION AND FACILITATION ACT, 2020

This act seeks to barrier free trade for farmers both within the state and among the states. Promotes an online trading platform for farmers. Allows farmers to trade anywhere inside or outside the state markets. Also, they can use warehouses, cold storages and so on.

FARMERS (EMPOWERMENT AND PROTECTION) AGREEMENT ON PRICE ASSURANCE AND FARM SERVICES ACT, 2020.

This is an act that lets the farmers enter into an agreement with the buyer directly without a middle man.

MIDDLE MAN can be the sponsors, companies, partnerships and groups. Owing to this, farmers can sell their products at their determined prices. Yet, the minimum support price in which the buyers offer to demand is not mentioned in this act and this can be taken as a drawback.

ESSENTIAL COMMODITIES (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2020

This act seeks to remove pulses, edible oils, onions and potatoes from the essential commodity list. Only if there is a double increase in horticultural produce and its retail price and a half increase in non-perishable agricultural products, the stock limits can get increased.

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Bangalore, Karnataka

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anand@nanjilanandfoundation.org